Halske, Johann Georg

Halske, Johann Georg
b. 30 July 1814 Hamburg, Germany
d. 18 March 1890 Berlin, Germany
German engineer who introduced precision methods into the manufacture of electrical equipment; co-founder of Siemens \& Halske.
Halske moved to Berlin when he was a young man, and in 1844 was working for the university, at first independently and then jointly with F. Bötticher, developing and building electric medical appliances. In 1845 he met Werner von Siemens and together they became founder members of the Berlin Physics Society. It was in Halske's workshop that Siemens, assisted by the skill of the former, was able to work out his inventions in telegraphy. In 1847 the two men entered into partnership to manufacture telegraph equipment, laying the foundations of the successful firm of Siemens \& Halske. At the outset, before Werner von Siemens gave up his army career, Halske acted as the sole manager of the firm and was also involved in testing the products. Inventions they developed included electric measuring instruments and railway signalling equipment, and they installed many telegraph lines, notably those for the Russian Government. When gutta-percha became available on the market, the two men soon developed an extrusion process for applying this new material to copper conductors. To the disappointment of Halske, who was opposed to mass production, the firm introduced series production and piece wages in 1857. The expansion of the business, particularly into submarine cable laying, caused some anxiety to Halske, who left the firm on amicable terms in 1867. He then worked for a few years developing the Arts and Crafts Museum in Berlin and became a town councillor.
Further Reading
S. von Weihr and H.Götzeler, 1983, The Siemens Company. Its Historical Role in the Progress of Electrical Engineering 1847–1983, Berlin (provides a full account).
Neue Deutsche Biographie, 1966, Vol. 7, Berlin, pp. 572–3.
S.von Weiher, 1972–3, "The Siemens brothers, pioneers of the electrical age in Europe", Transactions of the Newcomen Society 45:1–11.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johann Georg Halske — (* 30. Juli 1814 in Hamburg; † 18. März 1890 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Unternehmer. Johann Georg Halske …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Georg Halske — The master mechanic Johann Georg Halske, born on July 30, 1814 in Hamburg, started his own workshop in Berlin in 1844, which he ran together with his partner F. M. Böttcher. In 1847 Halske founded the Siemens Halske Telegraph Construction Company …   Wikipedia

  • Halske — Johann Georg Halske (* 30. Juli 1814 in Hamburg; † 18. März 1890 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Unternehmer. Leben Johann Georg Halske Halske war Sohn des Zuckermaklers und ehrenamtlichen Stadtrats …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halske — Halske, Johann Georg, Mitbegründer der Firma Siemens u. H., geb. 30. Juli 1814 in Hamburg, gest. 11. März 1890 in Berlin, erlernte in Berlin das Gewerbe eines Mechanikers, war bei Repsold in Hamburg Werkführer, gründete 1844 in Berlin eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Georg von Siemens — (* 21. Oktober 1839 in Torgau; † 23. Oktober 1901 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Bankier und Politiker. Georg von Siemens war ein Neffe zweiten Grades der Erfinder und Industriellen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halske — Hạlske,   Johann Georg, Elektrotechniker, * Hamburg 30. 7. 1814, ✝ Berlin 18. 3. 1890; gründete 1847 mit W. Siemens die »Telegraphenbauanstalt von Siemens und Halske«, Berlin. Halske leitete v. a. die Werkstatt, wo er die Grundsätze der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Siemens & Halske — Siemens AG Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft ISIN …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Siemens & Halske AG — Siemens AG Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft ISIN …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Telegraphen-Bauanstalt von Siemens & Halske — Siemens AG Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft ISIN …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Ossanna — (Geburtsname Giovanni Francesco Vigilio Maria Ossanna; * 26. Juni 1870 in Denno, Südtirol; † 8. November 1952 in München) war von 1901 bis 1935 Professor am neu eingerichteten Lehrstuhl für Elektrische Maschinen der damaligen Technischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jauch (Adelsgeschlecht) — Siegel Jauch (1683/1749) Wappen Jauch Jauch ist der Name eines seit dem späten Mittelalter nachgewiesenen thüringischen Geschlechts. Die Jauch, ursprünglich landesherrlich belehnte Bauern, traten Mitte des 17. Ja …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”